slider_hki_vitamin-a-supplementation-kenya.jpgfortified_flour.jpgpapaya5.jpgProject Goal

To develop and use a tool to more efficiently plan and manage national and sub-national micronutrient intervention programs. 


Micronutrient deficiencies are major contributors to morbidity and mortality among children and women globally. Major intervention strategies for addressing micronutrient deficiencies include: 1) micronutrient supplementation; 2) large- scale food fortification; 3) social and behavior change communications to promote dietary changes and/or breastfeeding; and 4) agricultural interventions, including agro- and biofortification, to increase the supplies of foods rich in micronutrients such as vitamin A, zinc, and iron.

However, little guidance is available on how to select the most appropriate intervention strategy, or mix of strategies, to reach the greatest number of individuals at risk of deficiency and at lowest cost in a given context. Likewise, information is lacking on how best to plan and manage sub-national strategies to help meet the micronutrient needs of women and children to the extent possible when program funds, time, or trained personnel are limited.


Focus Micronutrients to Date:

Vitamin A, vitamin B12, folate, iron, zinc, and iodine

Target Beneficiary Groups:

Children aged 6-59 months; women of reproductive age 

Measures of Program Impacts:

Reach, coverage, effective coverage, supplemental intake, lives saved and anemia cases avoided (in collaboration with the LiST model), excessive intake

Expected Outcomes:

Evidence-based suggestions for more effective and cost-effective national and sub-national micronutrient intervention programs over the 10-year planning time horizons

Country Projects: 

Cameroon and Ethiopia

Tools Under Development:

Full MINIMOD tool making use of individual dietary intake and other primary data, and "simplified" MINIMOD tool making use of other available (secondary) data

For more information: Contact Dr. Stephen A. Vosti ( or Dr. Reina Engle-Stone (, co-Pls of the MINIMOD project.

------- Project Partners -------

Helen Keller International-Cameroon, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, and the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health.

The MINIMOD Project is supported in part by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to the University of California, Davis. Additional support has been provided by the Michael and Susan Dell Foundation, and Sight and Life.